glossary of terms

Art therapy uses the creative process of art making to improve and enhance the physical, mental and emotional well-being of individuals of all ages. It is based on the belief that the creative process involved in artistic self-expression helps people resolve conflicts and problems, manage behavior, reduce stress, increase self-esteem and self-awareness, and achieve insight. For more information, please go to http://www.arttherapy.org/aboutart.htm.

Behavioral medicine is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the interrelationship between the body and the mind.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a range of techniques designed to identify and ultimately change the links between one’s thoughts, feelings and actions.

Health psychology is an approach that aims to understand and improve one’s health.

Hypnosis is a state of mind characterized by imaginative absorption, concentration and focused attention. It is usually experienced as a state of pleasant relaxation. Under hypnosis, people can choose to change their usual ways of thinking, feeling and behaving. Though the mechanism through which it works still remains somewhat of a mystery, it is clear that in the hypnotic state one is more receptive to new ideas and strategies and can generate creative solutions to long-standing problems.

Meditation is a mental or physical discipline by which one attempts to get beyond the reflexive "thinking" mind into a deeper state of relaxation or awareness. Meditation often involves turning one’s attention to a single point of reference. It may be more passive or more actively engage the body in the process.

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Mindfulness is a mental state characterized by calm awareness of one's body functions, feelings, content of consciousness, or consciousness itself.

Mindfulness meditation involves techniques that focus on something specific to achieve a state of calm or increase awareness of one’s body, emotions or contents of one’s mind.

Moving meditation uses action and movement as the focal point of a meditation experience.

Neurocognitive psychotherapy integrates a more detailed understanding of neurobiological aspects of cognitive functioning and uses components of cognitive rehabilitation.

Relaxation training is any method, process, or activity that helps a person relax, attain a state of increased calmness, or otherwise reduce levels of anxiety or stress. Relaxation can decrease muscle tension, lower blood pressure and slow heart and breath rates, among other health benefits.

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